GÖBEKLITEPE: ZERO POINT IN TIME
While Göbeklitepe preserves its mystery as one of the most important discoveries in the history of archaeology, Our impressions of the emergence of human settlement and civilisation are perpetually changing. There is no doubt that all kinds of data and scientific conclusions to be made concerning prehistoric life are of great importance for the history of humanity.
As Doğuş Group, with the vision of transforming Göbeklitepe into a global icon, we initiated a 20 year long cooperative effort with the Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism; supporting the efforts in communication, excavation, and preservation.
The fact that this effort will be encompassing 20 years, shows our long-term commitment to Göbeklitepe.
In order to preserve our past, build today and invest in the future…
From the zero point in time, with endless respect for the future!
When did architecture begin?
Who built the first structure and where?
Where was the world’s first ritual centre built?
Who came up with storytelling?
Or let’s put it this way:
Who was the first to sculpt a stone so as to carve a figure on it?
When did humans first live together?
When did they decide to come together to build in stone?
Who were those who came together in their beliefs;
And who knows what their motivation was?
Questions are answered, and new questions arise…
As a sign of the respect we have for Turkey’s cultural heritage;
We persevered in our efforts to transform Göbeklitepe, one of history’s
Greatest archeological discoveries, into a cultural icon and a world brand
With the awareness of our duty as Doğuş Group.
Approximately 7.000 years before the Pyramids and Stonehenge.
Centuries before writing and the wheel,
Approximately 12.000 years before today;
We are honoured to share with you the great secret of Göbeklitepe.
Göbeklitepe… Zero point in time.
A ritual centre from 12 thousand years ago, an archeological treasure yet to be fully discovered…
Approximately 12.000 years before today, in the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, the history of humankind was gradually changing its course. For the first time in History a transition was occurring which would take us from hunter-gatherer to agricultural (food-producing) economies. Dicoveries at Göbeklitepe have shown that during this transformation process, people were already living in complex social systems. This conclusion is demonstrated especially well by the monumental buildings, many of which are adorned with the images of animals, perhaps a reflection of the belief systems in this period which transform Göbeklitepe into one of the most important discoveries in the history of archeology. Defined as the meeting point of late hunter-gatherers, Göbeklitepe is of crucial importance for the formation of scientific hypotheses relating to different aspects of Prehistoric life. The monumental Göbeklitepe architecture and its symbolism are key to unravelling the secrets of a community that for its period attained previously unexpected levels of complexity. As science inspires, Göbeklitepe is a source of pride for the people of this unique region.
In Mesopotamia, the birthplace of civilisation, in the region known as ‘’The Fertile Crescent’’…
Göbeklitepe is located in upper Mesopotamia in a hilly region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. It is approximately 22 kilometers east of the city of Şanlıurfa, atop a limestone plateau belonging to the Germuş mountains. Göbeklitepe faces the Taurus and Karacadağ mountain slopes to its North and East, Şanlıurfa and the Euphrates plateau to its West and the Harran plateau as far as the Syrian border to its South. Its location allows Göbeklitepe to dominate a very wide area and to be visible from the lower-lying plains. The analysis of the limestone used in the construction of Göbeklitepe revealed that it is a durable stone. Even today this type of limestone is considered to be of the highest quality in the region. We can see that the need to access a high quality quarry where the stones could be extracted in order to build the monumental structures played an important role in the selection of the location.
A work of great organization and imagination…
The question as to who built Göbeklitepe derives from the fact that so far no apparent traces of a contemporary settlement have been found. Taking into consideration the size of the labour-force that would have been required to build the structures at Göbeklitepe, The hypothesis that several groups living in settlements that were spread over an approximately 200 km area joined forces to build the site seems probable. The groups must have met at specific times of the year organizing themselves towards a common goal and through a division of labour. Although it has been claimed that no trace of contemporary domestic structures have been encountered in Göbeklitepe, this theory has not been confirmed yet, since the excavations have thus far been fairly limited. The results from the geomagnetic surveys indicate that in addition to the monumental structures that have been excavated so far, several large structures below the surface remain to be excavated.
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